Although this site has been created primarily for my students, everyone is welcome. In these pages you'll find many sources of information.
The Online Resources section below has numerous links that are of current interest. For more links to material on just about any topic you're looking for, use the E-Links button above. Linked off of that page are pages containing hundreds of links to sites covering a number of topics.
Visit often ... I update frequently! Hope you enjoy the site!
Quote of the Month
We would worry less if we praised more. Thanksgiving is the enemy of discontent and dissatisfaction
News of the Month
In 1621, the Plymouth colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast that is acknowledged today as one of the first Thanksgiving celebrations in the colonies. For more than two centuries, days of thanksgiving were celebrated by individual colonies and states. It wasn’t until 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, that President Abraham Lincoln proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November.
In September 1620, a small ship called the Mayflower left Plymouth, England, carrying 102 passengers - an assortment of religious separatists seeking a new home where they could freely practice their faith and other individuals lured by the promise of prosperity and land ownership in the New World. Throughout that first brutal winter, most of the colonists remained on board the ship, where they suffered from exposure, scurvy and outbreaks of contagious disease. Only half of the Mayflower’s original passengers and crew lived to see their first New England spring. Native Americans taught the Pilgrims, weakened by malnutrition and illness, how to cultivate corn, extract sap from maple trees, catch fish in the rivers and avoid poisonous plants. They forged an alliance that would endure for more than 50 years and tragically remains one of the few examples of harmony between European colonists and Native Americans.
In November 1621, after the Pilgrims’ first corn harvest proved successful, Governor William Bradford organized a celebratory feast and invited a group of the fledgling colony’s Native American allies. Now remembered as American’s first Thanksgiving - although the Pilgrims themselves may not have used the term at the time - the festival lasted for three days. While no record exists of the historic banquet’s exact menu, the Pilgrim chronicler Edward Winslow wrote in his journal that Governor Bradford sent four men on a “fowling” mission in preparation for the event, and that the guests arrived bearing five deer. Historians have suggested that many of the dishes were likely prepared using traditional Native American spices and cooking methods. Because the Pilgrims had no oven and the Mayflower’s sugar supply had dwindled by the fall of 1621, the meal did not feature pies, cakes or other desserts, which have become a hallmark of contemporary celebrations. Lobster, seal and swans were on the Pilgrims' menu but turkey may or may not have been.
The Pilgrims held their second Thanksgiving celebration in 1623 to mark the end of a long drought that had threatened the year’s harvest and prompted Governor Bradford to call for a religious fast. Days of fasting and thanksgiving on an annual or occasional basis became common practice in other New England settlements as well.
Then and Now
11/01/1512 - Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were exhibited to the public for the first time.
11/01/1952 - The US exploded the first hydrogen bomb at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands.
11/01/2021 - All Saints’ Day
11/02/1783 - George Washington issued his Farewell Address to the Army near Princeton NJ.
11/02/1917 - British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour expressed support for a "national Home" for the Jews of Palestine in "The Balfour Declaration."
11/02/1930 - Haile Selassie was crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
11/02/1948 - President Truman surprised the experts by being re-elected in a narrow upset over Republican challenger Thomas Dewey.
11/02/1963 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dihn Diem was assassinated in a military coup.
11/02/1976 - Jimmy Carter became the first candidate from the Deep South since the Civil War to become president.
11/02/2021 - US Election Day
11/02/2021 - Anniversary of the Crowning of Haile Selassie – Rastafarian
11/02/2021 - All Souls' Day
11/03/1903 - Panama declared its independence from Colombia.
11/03/1957 - The Soviets launched Sputnik II, the second manmade satellite, into orbit carrying a dog named Laika who died in the experiment.
11/03/1970 - Salvador Allende became president of Chile.
11/03/1991 - Israeli and Palestinian representatives held their first ever face-to-face talks in Madrid, Spain.
11/03/2021 - National Sandwich Day
11/04/1922 - The entrance to King Tutankhamen's tomb was discovered in Egypt.
11/04/1979 - The Iranian hostage crisis began as militants stormed the US Embassy in Tehran. For some of the hostages it was the start of 444 days of captivity.
11/04/1995 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a right-wing Israeli minutes after attending a peace rally.
11/04/2008 - The US elected Barak Obama, its first black president.
11/04/2021 - Diwali begins – Hindu
11/05/1940 - FDR won an unprecedented third term in office.
11/05/1946 - Republicans captured control of both the Senate and the House in midterm elections.
11/06/1860 - Former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency.
11/06/1861 - The Confederacy elected Jefferson Davis to a six-year term as president.
11/06/2021 - Birth of the Bab – Baha’i
11/07/1916 - Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana became the first woman elected to Congress.
11/07/1917 - Russia's Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.
11/07/1944 - FDR won an unprecedented fourth term in office.
11/07/1973 - Congress overrode President Nixon's veto of the War Powers Act, which limits a chief executive's power to wage war without congressional approval.
11/07/1989 - L. Douglas Wilder won the governor's race in Virginia, becoming the first elected black governor in US history.
11/07/2021 - Daylight Saving Time ends. Clocks fall back from 1:59 am to 1:00 am.
11/07/2021 - Birthday of Baha'u'llah – Baha’i
11/08/1933 - President Franklin Roosevelt created the Civil Works Administration, designed to create jobs for more than 4 million unemployed.
11/08/1994 - Midterm elections resulted in Republicans winning control of the House for the first time in forty years.
11/08/2002 - The UN Security Council unanimously approved a resolution giving UN weapons inspectors the muscle they needed to hunt for illicit weapons in Iraq. President Bush said the new resolution presented the Iraqi regime "with a final test."
11/09/1938 - Nazis looted and burned synagogues as well as Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria in what became known as Kristallnacht.
11/09/1989 - Communist East Germany threw open its borders allowing citizens to travel freely to the West. Joyous Germans danced on top of the Berlin Wall.
11/10/1775 - The US Marines were organized under authority of the Continental Congress.
11/10/1871 - Journalist-explorer Henry Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in central Africa.
11/10/1928 - Emperor Hirohito was enthroned in Japan.
11/10/1954 - The Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated in Arlington VA.
11/10/1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial welcomed its first visitors in Washington DC.
11/10/2021 - The US Marine Corps Birthday
11/11/1620 - Forty-one Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, anchored off Massachusetts, signed a compact calling for a "body politick."
11/11/1831 - Former slave Nat Turner, who had led a violent insurrection, was executed in Jerusalem VA.
11/11/1921 - President Harding dedicated the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
11/11/2021 - Veterans Day
11/11/2021 - Martinmas – Christian
11/12/1942 - The WWII naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. The Americans won a major victory over the Japanese.
11/13/1789 - Benjamin Franklin wrote in a letter to a fried, "In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes."
11/13/1927 - The Holland Tunnel opened to the public, providing access between New York City and New Jersey beneath the Hudson River.
11/13/1940 - The Walt Disney animated movie Fantasia had its world premiere in New York.
11/13/1942 - The minimum draft age was lowered from 21 to 18.
11/13/1956 - The Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
11/13/1982 - The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington DC.
11/14/1851 - Herman Melville's Moby Dick was first published.
11/14/1922 - The BBC began its domestic radio service.
11/15/1777 - The Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation.
11/15/1889 - Brazil's monarchy was overthrown.
11/15/1926 - NBC debuted with a radio network of 24 stations.
11/15/1998 - Civil Rights activist Kwame Tume (Stokely Carmichael) died in Guinea at the age of 57.
11/15/2021 - Shichi - Go - San (Seven - Five - Three) – Shinto
11/16/1849 - A Russian court sentenced novelist Fyodor Dostoevsky to death for his alleged anti-government activities. At the last minute, his execution was stayed.
11/16/1864 - Killer and arsonist William T. Sherman and his troops began their March to the Sea.
11/17/1800 - Congress held its first session in Washington in the partially completed Capitol building.
11/17/1868 - The Suez Canal opened in Egypt.
11/18/1820 - Navy Captain Nathaniel Palmer discovered the frozen continent of Antarctica.
11/18/1883 - The US and Canada adopted a system of Standard Time zones.
11/18/1928 - The first successful sound-synchronized animated cartoon, Walt Disney's Steamboat Willie, premiered in New York.
11/18/1966 - US Roman Catholic bishops did away with the rule against eating meat on Fridays.
11/18/1987 - The congressional Iran-Contra committees issued their final report saying President Reagan bore "ultimate responsibility" for wrong-doing by his aides.
11/18/1999 - Twelve people died when a bonfire under construction at Texas A&M University collapsed.
11/18/2021 - Mickey Mouse’s Birthday
11/19/1863 - President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
11/19/1919 - The US Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles.
11/19/1977 - Egyptian President Anwar Sadat became the first Arab leader to visit Israel.
11/20/1789 - New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
11/20/1945 - The Nuremberg Trials began as Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal.
11/20/1967 - The US Census Clock ticked past 200 million.
11/21/1877 - Thomas Edison announced he had invented the phonograph.
11/21/1922 - Rebecca Felton (Georgia) became the first woman to serve in the US Senate. (She filled the vacancy caused by the death of the state's senator and served one day.)
11/21/1963 - President John Kennedy and his wife, Jacqueline, began a two-day tour of Texas.
11/21/1969 - The Senate voted down the Supreme Court nomination of Clement F. Haynsworth, the first such rejection since 1930.
11/21/2021 - Christ the King Sunday – Christian
11/22/1718 - English pirate Edward Teach, better known as Blackbeard, died during a battle off the Virginia coast.
11/22/1906 - The International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin adopted the SOS distress signal.
11/22/1928 - Maurice Ravel's Bolero made its debut in Paris.
11/22/1963 - President John Kennedy was shot to death while riding in a motorcade in Dallas.
11/22/1975 - Juan Carlos became King of Spain.
11/23/1889 - The first jukebox debuted in San Francisco's Palais Royale Saloon.
11/23/1936 - Life was first published.
11/23/1971 - The People's Republic of China became a member of the UN Security Council.
11/24/1859 - Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or The Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. It immediately sold out.
11/24/1871 - The National Rifle Association was incorporated.
11/24/1963 - Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald.
11/24/2021 - Martyrdom of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji – Sikh
11/25/1783 - The British evacuated NY, their last military position in the US during the Revolutionary War.
11/25/1986 - The Iran-Contra affair erupted as President Reagan and Attorney General Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to Nicaraguan rebels.
11/25/2002 - President George W. Bush signed legislation creating the Department of Homeland Security.
11/25/2021 - Thanksgiving Day
11/25/2021 - Mangé Yam (fête de la moisson) – Vodun
11/25/2021 - Day of the Covenant – Baha’i
11/26/1942 - Casablanca had its world premiere in NY.
11/26/1950 - China entered the Korean conflict by launching a counteroffensive against soldiers from the UN, the US and South Korea.
11/26/1997 - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein said he would allow visits to presidential palaces where UN weapons experts suspected he had hidden chemical and biological weapons.
11/26/2021 - Black Friday
11/27/1901 - The US Army War College opened in Washington DC.
11/27/1973 - The Senate voted 92-3 to confirm Gerald Ford as vice president, succeeding Spiro Agnew.
11/27/2021 - Ascension of Abdul-Baha – Baha’i
11/28/1520 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
11/28/1925 - The Grand Ole Opry made its radio debut on station WSM.
11/28/1975 - President Ford nominated federal Judge John Paul Stevens to the US Supreme Court.
11/28/2021 - Chanukah begins at sunset and ends on 12/06 at nightfall – Judaism
11/28/2021 - First Sunday of Advent – Christian
11/29/1864 - The Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre.
11/29/1947 - The UN passed a resolution calling for the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
11/29/1963 - President Johnson named a commission headed by Earl Warren to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
11/29/2021 - Cyber Monday
11/30/1782 - The US and Britain signed preliminary peace articles in Paris, which ended the Revolutionary War.
11/30/1966 - The former British colony of Barbados became independent.
11/30/1981 - The US and the Soviet Union opened negotiations in Geneva aimed at reducing nuclear weapons in Europe.
11/30/2021 - #Giving Tuesday … a global generosity movement unleashing the power of people and organizations to transform their communities and the world. There's something everyone can do to help. If you have time, consider volunteering in your community. If you don't have time, you can donate to a good cause, or simply just be kind to everyone you see.
11/30/2021 - St. Andrew's Day – Christian
Online Resource Links
What ISIS Really Wants: The Islamic State is no mere collection of psychopaths. It is a religious group with carefully considered beliefs, among them that it is a key agent of the coming apocalypse. Here’s what that means for its strategy and for how to stop it | ISIS Claims Responsibility, Calling Paris Attacks First of the Storm | Syria Iraq: The Islamic State Militant Group | Isis: The Inside Story | Frontline: The Rise of ISIS | Council on Foreign Relations: A Primer on ISIS | Cracks in ISIS Are Becoming More Clear | How ISIS’ Attacks Harm the Middle East | Timeline: the Rise, Spread and Fall of the Islamic State
Check out Today's Front Pages. Each day, you can see the front pages of more than 800 newspapers from around the world in their original, unedited form.
Whether or not you noticed, the earth's population passed 7 billion a while back. You might enjoy NPR's wonderful video, Visualizing How a Population Grows to 7 Billion.
Check out the St. Louis Fed's presentation The Financial Crisis: What Happened?. The original video is no longer available but you can view the power point presentation.
Want to take a survey but not sure how many responses to collect? This Survey Calculator gives you the number for any given population size and desired confidence level. A reverse calculator lets you enter characteristics of an existing survey and gives the confidence interval (±X%) to apply to the results. The Survey System site, sponsored by a survey software company, also gives clear explanations of statistical significance, survey design and related concepts. Also check out 20 Questions a Journalist (and You, too!) Should Ask About Poll Results.
PBS's 30 Second Candidate allows you to view more political ads than you ever knew existed. Choose the Historical Timeline link to see how political ads have changed over the years. Start with the infamous Daisy Ad that Lyndon Johnson used against Barry Goldwater. Click on Watch Johnson ads. Then click on either the QuickTime link or the Real Video link next to Daisy.
Check out Political Compass. The site does a good job of explaining political ideologies (although with definitions different from those I use) and gives you a chance to discover your own political philosophy.
Law Library of Congress: North Korea: Collection of links to websites on North Korean government, politics and law. Includes legal guides, country studies and links to constitutions and branches of government (where available). Council on Foreign Relations: North Korea: Background, articles and opinion pieces about North Korea government and politics. Many of the articles focus on North Korea's nuclear program. From the Council on Foreign Relations, "an independent membership organization and a nonpartisan think tank and publisher."
State of the Union (SOTU): The site uses an interactive timeline to provide a visual representation of prominent words in presidential State of the Union addresses by displaying significant words as "determined by comparing how frequently the word occurs in the document to how frequently it appears throughout the entire body of SOTU addresses." The Appendices section describes the statistical methods used. Also includes the full text of addresses.
Small Town Papers: This site provides access to scanned images of recent issues of dozens of small town newspapers from throughout the United States. Newspapers are updated periodically, 2-3 weeks after publication. The site also includes a searchable archive (of articles, photos and advertisements), which covers different periods for each paper, some as far back as the 1890s. Access to the archives requires free registration.
This website serves as a centralized location to learn about the Congressional Research Service and search for CRS reports that have been released to the public by members of Congress. (CRS Reports do not become public until a member of Congress releases the report.) Features a searchable database with more than 8,000 reports, a list of recently released reports, other collections of CRS reports and a FAQ about CRS.
Instances of the Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2020: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past US military ventures abroad, without reference to the magnitude of the given instance noted.
Keeping the Shi'ites Straight Based on the opinion that no story has been more confusing for the Western news media to cover in postwar Iraq than the politics of the country's Shi'ite majority, this article provides a basic outline of Shi'ite religious history. Discusses the Sadr family (Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr, Ayatollah Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, and Muqtada as-Sadr), Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim and other figures.
This commercial site presents brief information about dozens of Black Inventors from the United States. Some entries include portraits and images. Also includes a searchable timeline covering 1721-1988. Does not include bibliographic information.
Annenberg Political Fact Check: This site describes itself as a nonpartisan, nonprofit, consumer advocate for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in US politics. The site provides original articles, with summaries and sources, analyzing factual accuracy in TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases. Searchable. From the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.
White House Tapes: The President Calling: Three of America's most compelling presidents -- Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon -- bugged their White House offices and tapped their telephones. In this documentary project, American Radio Works eavesdrops on presidential telephone calls to hear how each man used one-on-one politics to shape history. Includes audio, a transcript of the documentary and background information on each president and the tapes.
The State of State and Local Finances: New studies afford a state-by-state or city-by-city analysis of fiscal well being. The Year of Living Dangerously: While leaders in a growing number of states appear to believe they're serving the public good by squeezing government dry, there's little question that minimizing management carries a host of dangers that directly affect the lives of citizens.
Government Debt by Country Map: Shows countries' general government gross debt as a percentage of GDP in 2012.
First Amendment Library: Provides info on Supreme Court First Amendment jurisprudence, including rulings, arguments, briefs, historical material, commentary and press coverage.
If you need a presentation or workshop for your group,
or the link at the top of the page.