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Quote of the Month

It was my child who taught me to understand so clearly that all people are equal in their humanity and that all have the same human rights. None is to be considered less, as a human being, than any other, and each must be given his place and a safety in the world. I learned respect and reverence for every human mind. I might never have learned this in any other way. I might’ve gone on in the arrogance of my own intolerance for those less able than myself. My child taught me humanity.

~Pearl S. Buck (Buck’s oldest daughter was born with a rare type of mental retardation.)



News of the Month

October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month, and everyone is encouraged to participate. The purpose of National Disability Employment Awareness Month is to educate about disability employment issues and celebrate the many and varied contributions of America's workers with disabilities. Held annually, National Disability Employment Awareness Month is led by the US Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy, but its true spirit lies in the many observances held at the grassroots level across the nation every year. This year's theme is "America’s Recovery: Powered by Inclusion."

The history of National Disability Employment Awareness Month traces back to 1945 when Congress enacted a law declaring the first week in October each year "National Employ the Physically Handicapped Week." In 1962, the word "physically" was removed to acknowledge the employment needs and contributions of individuals with all types of disabilities. In 1988, Congress expanded the week to a month and changed the name to National Disability Employment Awareness Month.

“Our national recovery from the pandemic cannot be completed without the inclusion of all Americans, in particular people with disabilities,” said U.S. Secretary of Labor Marty Walsh. “Their contributions have historically been vital to our nation’s success, and are more important today than ever. We must build an economy that fully includes the talent and drive of those with disabilities.” Employers and employees in all industries can learn more about how to participate in National Disability Employment Awareness Month and ways they can promote its messages — during October and throughout the year — by visiting




Then and Now

October is National Disability Employment Awareness Month.

then and now button   10/01/1800 - Spain ceded Louisiana to France in a secret treaty.

then and now button   10/01/1856 - The first installment of Gustave Flaubert's scandalous novel Madame Bovary was published.

then and now button   10/01/1908 - Henry Ford introduced the Model-T automobile.

then and now button   10/01/1968 - The cult horror movie Night of the Living Dean had its world premiere in Pittsburgh.

then and now button   10/02/1835 - The first battle of the Texas Revolution took place as American settlers defeated Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.

then and now button   10/02/1950 - Peanuts, created by Charles M. Schulz, was first published in nine newspapers.

then and now button   10/02/1967 - Thurgood Marshall became an associate justice of the Supreme Court, making him the first black appointed to the nation's highest court.

then and now button   10/03/1863 - President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.

then and now button   10/03/1895 - Steven Crane's The Red Badge of Courage was published. It was the first novel to highlight an ordinary soldier's experience in the Civil War.

then and now button   10/03/1929 - The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

then and now button   10/03/1990 - West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a new unified country.

then and now button   10/03/1995 - A jury found OJ Simpson innocent of the slayings of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman.

then and now button   10/04/1957 - Leave it to Beaver premiered on CBS.

then and now button   10/04/1957 - The Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, into orbit.

then and now button   10/04/2021 - Child Health Day

then and now button   10/04/2021 - Feast Day of St. Francis of Assisi – Christian

then and now button   10/05/1921 - Radio broadcast the World Series for the first time.

then and now button   10/05/1953 - Earl Warren became the 14th chief justice of the Supreme Court.

then and now button   10/06/1973 - War erupted in the Middle East as Egypt and Syria attacked Israel during the Yom Kippur holiday.

then and now button   10/06/1981 - Extremists shot and killed President Anwar Sadat of Egypt while reviewing a military parade.

then and now button   10/07/1777 - The second Battle of Saratoga began during the American Revolution. British forces under General John Burgoyne surrendered 10 days later.

then and now button   10/07/1949 - The Republic of East Germany was formed.

then and now button   10/07/2002 - In a somber address to the nation, President George W. Bush labeled Saddam Hussein a "homicidal dictator" and said the threat from Iraq was "unique and imminent."

then and now button   10/07/2021 - Navratri begins today and ends on October 15th – Hindu

then and now button   10/08/1066 - William the Conqueror invaded England to claim the English throne.

then and now button   10/09/1635 - Religious dissident Roger Williams was banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

then and now button   10/09/1888 - The public was first admitted to the Washington Monument.

then and now button   10/09/1967 - Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed while attempting to incite revolution in Bolivia.

then and now button   10/09/2021 - Leif Erikson Day

then and now button   10/10/1886 - The tuxedo dinner jacket made its American debut at the autumn ball in Tuxedo Park NY.

then and now button   10/10/1911 - Revolutionaries under Sun Yat-sen overthrew China's Manchu dynasty.

then and now button   10/10/1943 - Chiang Kai-Chek took the oath of office as president of China.

then and now button   10/10/1973 - Vice President Spiro T. Agnew pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion and resigned his office.

then and now button   10/11/1811 - The first steam-powered ferryboat, the Juliana, commenced operation between NYC and Hoboken.

then and now button   10/11/1890 - The Daughters of the American Revolution was founded in Washington DC.

then and now button   10/11/1932 - The 1st American political telecast took place as the Democratic National Committee sponsored a program from a CBS television studio in New York.

then and now button   10/11/2021 - Columbus Day / Indigenous People’s Day

then and now button   10/11/2021 - National Coming Out Day

then and now button   10/12/1492 - Christopher Columbus arrived with his expedition in the present-day Bahamas.

then and now button   10/12/1870 - General Robert E. Lee died in Lexington VA at the age of 63.

then and now button   10/12/1973 - President Nixon nominated House minority leader Gerald Ford to succeed Spiro Agnew as vice president.

then and now button   10/13/54CE - Roman emperor Claudius I died after his wife, Agrippina, poisoned him.

then and now button   10/13/1845 - Texas ratified its first US state constitution.

then and now button   10/13/1960 - Richard Nixon and John Kennedy participated in the third televised debate of their presidential campaign.

then and now button   10/14/1066 - The Normans under William the Conqueror defeated the English at the Battle of Hastings.

then and now button   10/14/1947 - Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier as he flew the experimental Bell X1 rocket plane over Edwards Air Force Base in California.

then and now button   10/14/1964 - Martin Luther King Jr. won the Nobel Peace Prize.

then and now button   10/15/1917 - A French firing squad executed Mata Hari, a Dutch dancer who had spied for the Germans, outside Paris.

then and now button   10/15/1976 - In the first debate of its kind between vice-presidential nominees, Democrat Walter Mondale and Republican Bob Dole faced off in Houston.

then and now button   10/15/1991 - The Senate narrowly confirmed (52-48) the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court.

then and now button   10/15/2021 - Dussehra (Vijaya Dashami) – Hindu

then and now button   10/16/1793 - During the French Revolution, Queen Marie Antoinette was beheaded.

then and now button   10/16/1859 - Abolitionist John Brown led a group of about 20 men in a raid on Harper's Ferry.

then and now button   10/16/1916 - Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in NYC.

then and now button   10/16/1962 - The Cuban missile crisis began as President Kennedy learned that reconnaissance photographs had revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.

then and now button   10/16/1978 - The College of Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church chose Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to be the new pope. He took the name John Paul II.

then and now button   10/16/1995 - The Million Man March took place in Washington DC, led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.

then and now button   10/16/2021 - Boss’s Day

then and now button   10/16/2021 - Dictionary Day … the birthday of Noah Webster

then and now button   10/17/1933 - Albert Einstein arrived in the US as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

then and now button   10/17/1945 - Colonel Juan Peron staged a coup, becoming absolute ruler of Argentina.

then and now button   10/17/1978 - President Carter signed a bill restoring US citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

then and now button   10/18/1685 - King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, which had established legal toleration of France's Protestant population, the Huguenots.

then and now button   10/18/1767 - The boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, the Mason-Dixon Line, was agreed upon.

then and now button   10/18/1867 - The US took formal possession of Alaska from Russia.

then and now button   10/18/2021 - Mawlid an Nabi (Birth of the Prophet) begins at sunset and ends at evening on the 19th – Muslim

then and now button   10/19/1765 - The Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York, drew up a declaration of rights and liberties.

then and now button   10/19/1944 - The Navy announced that it would allow black women into the WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service).

then and now button   10/19/1950 - UN forces entered the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

then and now button   10/19/1960 - The US imposed an embargo on exports to Cuba covering all commodities except medical supplies and certain food products.

then and now button   10/20/1803 - The US Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase.

then and now button   10/20/1947 - The House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into alleged Communist influence and infiltration within the American motion picture industry.

then and now button   10/20/2021 - Installation of Holy Scriptures as Guru Granth Sahib Ji – Sikh

then and now button   10/21/1797 - The US Navy frigate Constitution, also known as Old Ironsides, launched in Boston's harbor.

then and now button   10/21/1945 - Women in France voted for the first time.

then and now button   10/21/2021 - Pavarana – Buddhist

then and now button   10/22/1836 - Sam Houston became the first constitutionally elected president of the Republic of Texas.

then and now button   10/22/1962 - President Kennedy announced an air and naval blockade of Cuba following the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.

then and now button   10/23/1983 - In Lebanon, a suicide truck bombing at Beirut International Airport killed 241 US Marines and sailors. A nearly simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.

then and now button   10/23/1987 - The US Senate rejected (58-42) the Supreme Court nomination of Robert Bork.

then and now button   10/24/1901 - Anna Edson Taylor, a 43-year-old widow, became the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.

then and now button   10/24/1939 - Nylon stockings were sold publicly for the first time in Wilmington DE.

then and now button   10/24/1940 - The 40-hour workweek went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

then and now button   10/24/1945 - The United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.

then and now button   10/24/1962 - The US blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially began under a proclamation signed by President Kennedy.

then and now button   10/25/1400 - Author Geoffrey Chaucer died in London of unknown causes.

then and now button   10/25/1854 - The Charge of the Light Brigade took place during the Crimean War.

then and now button   10/25/1962 - Author John Steinbeck won the Nobel Prize in literature.

then and now button   10/25/2021 - United Nations Day

then and now button   10/26/1825 - The Erie Canal opened in upstate New York, connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River.

then and now button   10/26/1881 - The Gunfight at the OK Corral took place in Tombstone AZ as Wyatt Earp, his two brothers and Doc Holliday confronted and killed three members of Ike Clanton's gang. Earp's brothers were wounded.

then and now button   10/26/1967 - The Shah of Iran crowned himself and his queen after 26 years on the Peacock Throne.

then and now button   10/27/1787 - The first of the Federalist Papers was published in a New York paper.

then and now button   10/27/1947 - You Bet Your Life, starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio.

then and now button   10/27/2021 - Lhabab Duchen – Buddhist

then and now button   10/28/1636 - Harvard College opened in Massachusetts.

then and now button   10/28/1886 - President Cleveland dedicated the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, in New York Harbor.

then and now button   10/28/1962 - Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the US that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.

then and now button   10/29/1929 - Black Tuesday descended on the New York Stock Exchange as prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors lost everything.

then and now button   10/29/1966 - The National Organization for Women was founded.

then and now button   10/29/2021 - Marine Corps Marathon (Washington DC)

then and now button   10/30/1938 - The radio play, War of the Worlds, starring Orson Welles, aired on CBS.

then and now button   10/30/1945 - The US government announced the end of shoe rationing.

then and now button   10/30/1995 - By a vote of 50.6% to 49.4%, federalists prevailed over separatists in Quebec in a secession referendum.

then and now button   10/30/2021 - Chanté-messes (through tomorrow) – Vodun

then and now button   10/31/1517 - Martin Luther posted the 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.

then and now button   10/31/1892 - Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes was published.

then and now button   10/31/1984 - Two Sikh security guards assassinated Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

then and now button   10/31/2021 - Reformation Day

then and now button   10/31/2021 – Samhain begins – Wicca, Celtic

then and now button   10/31/2021 - Hallowe’en






Online Resource Links

then and now button   How Wobbly Is Our Democracy?

then and now button   What ISIS Really Wants: The Islamic State is no mere collection of psychopaths. It is a religious group with carefully considered beliefs, among them that it is a key agent of the coming apocalypse. Here’s what that means for its strategy and for how to stop it  |  ISIS Claims Responsibility, Calling Paris Attacks First of the Storm  |  Syria Iraq: The Islamic State Militant Group  |  Isis: The Inside Story  |  Frontline: The Rise of ISIS  |  Council on Foreign Relations: A Primer on ISIS  |  Cracks in ISIS Are Becoming More Clear  |  How ISIS’ Attacks Harm the Middle East Timeline: the Rise, Spread and Fall of the Islamic State

then and now button   What it’s like to live on $2 a day in the United States (PDF)

then and now button   Check out Today's Front Pages. Each day, you can see the front pages of more than 800 newspapers from around the world in their original, unedited form.

then and now button   Whether or not you noticed, the earth's population passed 7 billion a while back. You might enjoy NPR's wonderful video, Visualizing How a Population Grows to 7 Billion.

then and now button   Check out the St. Louis Fed's presentation The Financial Crisis: What Happened?. The original video is no longer available but you can view the power point presentation.

then and now button   Want to take a survey but not sure how many responses to collect? This Survey Calculator gives you the number for any given population size and desired confidence level. A reverse calculator lets you enter characteristics of an existing survey and gives the confidence interval (±X%) to apply to the results. The Survey System site, sponsored by a survey software company, also gives clear explanations of statistical significance, survey design and related concepts. Also check out 20 Questions a Journalist (and You, too!) Should Ask About Poll Results.

then and now button   PBS's 30 Second Candidate allows you to view more political ads than you ever knew existed. Choose the Historical Timeline link to see how political ads have changed over the years. Start with the infamous Daisy Ad that Lyndon Johnson used against Barry Goldwater. Click on Watch Johnson ads. Then click on either the QuickTime link or the Real Video link next to Daisy.

then and now button   Check out Political Compass. The site does a good job of explaining political ideologies (although with definitions different from those I use) and gives you a chance to discover your own political philosophy.

then and now button   Law Library of Congress: North Korea: Collection of links to websites on North Korean government, politics and law. Includes legal guides, country studies and links to constitutions and branches of government (where available). Council on Foreign Relations: North Korea: Background, articles and opinion pieces about North Korea government and politics. Many of the articles focus on North Korea's nuclear program. From the Council on Foreign Relations, "an independent membership organization and a nonpartisan think tank and publisher."

then and now button   State of the Union (SOTU): The site uses an interactive timeline to provide a visual representation of prominent words in presidential State of the Union addresses by displaying significant words as "determined by comparing how frequently the word occurs in the document to how frequently it appears throughout the entire body of SOTU addresses." The Appendices section describes the statistical methods used. Also includes the full text of addresses.

then and now button   Small Town Papers: This site provides access to scanned images of recent issues of dozens of small town newspapers from throughout the United States. Newspapers are updated periodically, 2-3 weeks after publication. The site also includes a searchable archive (of articles, photos and advertisements), which covers different periods for each paper, some as far back as the 1890s. Access to the archives requires free registration.

then and now button   This website serves as a centralized location to learn about the Congressional Research Service and search for CRS reports that have been released to the public by members of Congress. (CRS Reports do not become public until a member of Congress releases the report.) Features a searchable database with more than 8,000 reports, a list of recently released reports, other collections of CRS reports and a FAQ about CRS.

then and now button   Stem Cell Research: See the official NIH resource for Stem Cell Research. In 2005, NOVA aired an overview of The Stem Cell Issue.

then and now button   Instances of the Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2020: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past US military ventures abroad, without reference to the magnitude of the given instance noted.

then and now button   Government Product Recalls

then and now button   Homeland Security Knowledge Base

then and now button   If you're worried about retirement, try some of the following sites.
        IRS Tax Information for Retirement Plans
        Social Security Retirement Planner
        Retirement Planning Resources from Smart Money

then and now button   Keeping the Shi'ites Straight Based on the opinion that no story has been more confusing for the Western news media to cover in postwar Iraq than the politics of the country's Shi'ite majority, this article provides a basic outline of Shi'ite religious history. Discusses the Sadr family (Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr, Ayatollah Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, and Muqtada as-Sadr), Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim and other figures.

then and now button   This commercial site presents brief information about dozens of Black Inventors from the United States. Some entries include portraits and images. Also includes a searchable timeline covering 1721-1988. Does not include bibliographic information.

then and now button   Annenberg Political Fact Check: This site describes itself as a nonpartisan, nonprofit, consumer advocate for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in US politics. The site provides original articles, with summaries and sources, analyzing factual accuracy in TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases. Searchable. From the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.

then and now button   White House Tapes: The President Calling: Three of America's most compelling presidents -- Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon -- bugged their White House offices and tapped their telephones. In this documentary project, American Radio Works eavesdrops on presidential telephone calls to hear how each man used one-on-one politics to shape history. Includes audio, a transcript of the documentary and background information on each president and the tapes.

then and now button   The State of State and Local Finances: New studies afford a state-by-state or city-by-city analysis of fiscal well being. The Year of Living Dangerously: While leaders in a growing number of states appear to believe they're serving the public good by squeezing government dry, there's little question that minimizing management carries a host of dangers that directly affect the lives of citizens.

then and now button   Government Debt by Country Map: Shows countries' general government gross debt as a percentage of GDP in 2012.

then and now button   First Amendment Library: Provides info on Supreme Court First Amendment jurisprudence,  including rulings, arguments, briefs, historical material, commentary and press coverage.

America’s Recovery: Powered by Inclusion




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Copyright © 1996 Amy S Glenn
Last updated:   10/24/2021   1730

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