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Quotes of the Month

Sea level rise is literally a one-way street now. The only thing we’re discussing now is how fast and how much. It’s not whether anymore.

University of Miami professor and geologist Harold Wanless

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will be publishing a study soon that they have described verbally as an "Oh, my God!" study, suggesting that we could see nine feet of sea level rise as soon as 2050.

Physician and political activist Jill Stein

We are not wired to make decisions about barely perceptible threats that gradually accelerate over time. We’re not so different from the proverbial frog that boils to death in a pot of slowly warming water.

Author Jeff Goodell



News of the Month

According to author Jeff Goodell, the warming of the planet is not waiting for consensus-building. The climate is warming, the world’s great ice sheets are melting, and the water is rising. This is not a speculative idea, or the hypothesis of a few wacky scientists, or a hoax perpetrated by the Chinese, he says. Sea-level rise is one of the central facts of our time, as real as gravity. And it will reshape our world in ways most of us can only dimly imagine. The steady rise in global surface temperatures is largely attributed to human-caused greenhouse gas emissions. With rising temperatures, the world’s ice has been melting and sea levels have been rising. As a result, barring major interventions, sooner or later thousands of coastal communities around the world will become uninhabitable.

With the ice in Greenland and Antarctica melting at record rates, scientists currently estimate sea levels could rise 2-7 feet by the end of this century, with some estimates even higher. Antarctica has about 90% of all ice in the world, enough to raise global sea levels by 200 feet, in theory. This kind of catastrophic sea level rise is just one of many potential disaster scenarios caused by climate change.

Change on such a large scale is incremental and can seem quite distant, but any solution to the problem would need to be implemented relatively soon. Already, for many areas in the US, recurring flooding is inevitable and the problem is imminent. According to a new The Future We Don’t Want analysis, the total global urban population at risk from sea level rise, if emissions don’t go down, could number over 800 million people, living in 570 cities, by 2050. Estimates suggest that the global economic costs to cities, from rising seas and inland flooding, could amount to $1 trillion by mid-century. Cities on the east coast of the US, including New York City and Miami, are particularly vulnerable, along with major cities in South East Asia, such as Bangkok and Shanghai. In the US, east coast cities are witnessing sea level rise that is two to three times faster than the global average while cities along China’s Yellow River Delta are experiencing sea level rise of more than 9 inches per year. Miami, Guangzhou and New York are the top three cities in terms of the value of assets exposed to coastal flooding between 2010 and 2070 … between 2 and 3.5 trillion dollars. But it’s Kolkata, Mumbai and Dhaka that have the highest number of people at risk from coastal inundation … between 11 and 14 million.

The global average sea level has increased 8 inches since 1880 and sea levels along the US east coast and the Gulf of Mexico are rising much faster. A Union of Concerned Scientists report identifies US coastal communities expected to face chronic and disruptive flooding before the end of the century, in particular the coastal communities in which at least 10% of habitable land is expected to experience chronic flooding by 2060. Places are ranked by the number of residents that live in the parts of the community expected to be regularly flooded by 2060. In many of these communities, more than one-third of the current population lives in areas expected to be regularly flooded by 2060.

Chronic, disruptive flooding is defined as 10% or more of a community’s usable land flooding 26 times a year, or every other week. Most of the 90 communities that experience such flooding already are in Louisiana and Maryland, where land subsidence has intensified the effects of sea-level rise. Life has already been altered in those places, where flood advisories are normal and residents have learned to avoid low-lying streets. For perspective, the report notes that Miami Beach, considered Ground Zero for sea-level rise, has not reached the 10% threshold, even as it experiences high-tide flooding and has invested more than $400 million to rebuild the city’s storm sewers. Likewise, flooding in Annapolis, Maryland, home to the US Naval Academy, is not expected to reach the 10% threshold, although key parts of the city, including the academy campus and downtown, now flood 40 times a year. But over time, disruptive flooding will spread.

Other factors, such as the possibility that global climate change could increase the prevalence and intensity of severe weather events such as hurricanes, could make actual outcomes in these cities even more dire. There are already places in the US where weather appears to be getting worse because of climate change. By the end of the century, chronic flooding will be occurring from Maine to Texas and along parts of the West Coast. Across US coastal cities, more than 300,000 homes worth a combined $117.5 billion are likely to be at risk of chronic tidal flooding within 30 years, according to a UCS analysis and projections. By the end of the century, that total could rise to 2.4 million homes and more than $1 trillion in property damage - and those estimates are based only on existing homes. The regular inundation these cities face in the near future could make the worst floods in American history seem tame by comparison. Options are limited. All are costly, whether adapting to a watery future with seawalls and other barriers, or retreating and finding a new place to call home.

A UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change study examined three scenarios: a low scenario that assumes carbon emissions decline dramatically and global warming is limited to 2 degree Celsius; an intermediate scenario, which projects carbon emissions peaking at mid-century, resulting in four feet of sea-level rise globally; and a high scenario, which occurs toward 2100, with polar ice melting fast enough to produce about 6.5 feet of sea-level rise. Scientists consider the high scenario to be increasingly plausible, the study notes, as the melting of ice sheets accelerates. There is time enough to prevent some of the flooding but for hundreds of communities - including the small towns that dot Maryland’s Eastern Shore, as well as Savannah Georgia, New Orleans and Miami - it may already be too late. According to Princeton professor Michael Oppenheimer, there's no scenario that actually stops sea level rise in this century. We'll have to deal with it indefinitely.




Then and Now

June is LGBT Pride Month, in commemoration of the Stonewall riots.

then and now button   06/01/1813 - Capt. James Lawrence, commander of the US frigate Chesapeake, said "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.

then and now button   06/01/1958 - Charles de Gaulle became premier of France.

then and now button   06/01/1967 - The Beatles released their album, Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.

then and now button   06/02/1924 - Congress granted US citizenship to all American Indians.

then and now button   06/02/1953 - Queen Elizabeth II was crowned queen of Britain after the death of her father, King George VI.

then and now button   06/02/1966 - The US space probe Surveyor 1 landed on the moon and began transmitting detailed photographs of the lunar surface.

then and now button   06/02/1987 - President Reagan announced the nomination of economist Alan Greenspan to succeed Paul Volcker as chairman of the Fed.

then and now button   06/03/1621 - The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands, now known as New York.

then and now button   06/03/1888 - Ernest Lawrence Thayer's poem Casey at the Bat was first published in the San Francisco Daily Examiner.

then and now button   06/03/1965 - Astronaut Edward White became the first American to walk in space during the flight of Gemini 4.

then and now button   06/03/1989 - Iran's spiritual leader, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, died.

then and now button   06/04/1892 - The Sierra Club incorporated in San Francisco.

then and now button   06/04/1937 - Oklahoma City grocer Sylvan Goldman invented and patented the world's first grocery cart with wheels.

then and now button   06/04/1939 - The SS St. Louis, carrying more than 900 Jewish refugees from Germany, was turned away from the Florida coast.

then and now button   06/04/1942 - The WWII Battle of Midway began.

then and now button   06/04/1947 - The House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved the Taft-Hartley Act.

then and now button   06/04/1947 - The classic film Miracle on 34th Street opened. It received a B rating as "morally objectionable" because Maureen O'Hara is shown in a sympathetic light as a divorcee.

then and now button   06/04/2022 - Shavuot begins at sunset and ends the evening of 06/06 – Judaism

then and now button   06/05/1794 - Congress passed the Neutrality Act, which prohibited Americans from enlisting in the service of a foreign power.

then and now button   06/05/1917 - About 10 million American men began registering for the draft in WWI.

then and now button   06/05/1933 - The US went off the gold standard.

then and now button   06/05/1947 - In a speech at Harvard, Secretary of State George Marshall outlined an aid program for Europe, later called the Marshall Plan.

then and now button   06/05/1967 - War erupted in the Mideast as Israel raided Egyptian military targets. Syria, Jordan and Iraq entered the conflict.

then and now button   06/05/1968 - Sirhan Bishara Sirhan assassinated Senator Robert Kennedy who had just claimed victory in California's Democratic presidential primary.

then and now button   06/05/1981 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that five men in Los Angeles had come down with a rare kind of pneumonia. They were the first recognized cases of AIDS.

then and now button   06/05/2022 - Pentecost – Christian

then and now button   06/06/1844 - The Young Men's Christian Association began in London.

then and now button   06/06/1933 - The first drive-in movie theater opened in Camden NJ.

then and now button   06/06/1934 - The Securities and Exchange Commission was established.

then and now button   06/06/1944 - The WWII D-Day Invasion of Europe took place as Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy.

then and now button   06/06/1966 - Black activist James Meredith was shot and wounded as he walked along a Mississippi highway to encourage black voter registration.

then and now button   06/06/2001 - Democrats formally assumed control of the US Senate after James Jeffords switch from the Republican Party to an independent.

then and now button   06/06/2022 - D-Day

then and now button   06/07/1776 - Richard Henry Lee of Virginia proposed to the Continental Congress a resolution calling for a Declaration of Independence.

then and now button   06/07/1917 - Gwendolyn Brooks, who became the first African-American to win the Pulitzer Prize in 1950 (for Annie Allen), was born in Topeka KS.

then and now button   06/07/2022 - Boone Day

then and now button   06/08/0632 - The prophet Mohammed died.

then and now button   06/08/1867 - Mark Twain embarked on a journey through Europe to the Holy Land that served as his inspiration for The Innocents Abroad.

then and now button   06/08/1967 - Israeli forces raided the Liberty, a Navy ship stationed in the Mediterranean, killing 34 US servicemen. Israel called it a tragic mistake.

then and now button   06/08/1982 - President Reagan became the first American president to address a joint session of the British Parliament.

then and now button   06/09/68CE - Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide.

then and now button   06/10/1935 - Alcoholics Anonymous began in Akron OH.

then and now button   06/10/1943 - Lasalo Biro of Hungary invented the ball point pen.

then and now button   06/11/1776 - The Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence from Britain.

then and now button   06/11/1966 - Janis Joplin sang onstage with Big Brother and the Holding Company for the first time at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco.

then and now button   06/11/2001 - Oklahoma executed the Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh, by injection.

then and now button   06/12/1776 - Virginia's colonial legislature became the first to adopt a Bill of Rights.

then and now button   06/12/1898 - Philippine Nationalists declared independence from Spain.

then and now button   06/12/1929 - Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.

then and now button   06/12/1963 - An unknown assailant fatally shot civil rights leader Medgar Evers, field secretary for the NAACP, in front of his home in Jackson, MI. In 1994, a jury convicted Byron De La Beckwith of murdering Evers and sentenced him to life in prison. He died in 2001.

then and now button   06/12/1967 - The US Supreme Court struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.

then and now button   06/12/1987 - President Reagan, during a visit to a still divided Berlin, publicly demanded that Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev "Tear down this wall!"

then and now button   06/12/2022 - Trinity Sunday – Christian

then and now button   06/13/1888 - Congress created the Department of Labor.

then and now button   06/13/1900 - China's Boxer Rebellion, targeting foreigners and Chinese Christians, erupted into full-scale violence.

then and now button   06/13/1966 - The Supreme Court issued its landmark Miranda decision, ruling that police must inform criminal suspects of their constitutional rights prior to questioning.

then and now button   06/13/1967 - President Johnson nominated Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the US Supreme Court.

then and now button   06/13/1971 - The New York Times began publishing the Pentagon Papers, a secret study of America's involvement in Vietnam.

then and now button   06/14/1775 - The US Army began.

then and now button   06/14/1777 - The Continental Congress in Philadelphia adopted the Stars and Stripes as the national flag.

then and now button   06/14/1922 - Warren G. Hardin became the first president heard on radio when Baltimore station WEAR broadcast his speech.

then and now button   06/14/1943 - The Supreme Court ruled school children could not be forced to salute the flag of the US if doing so conflicted with their religious beliefs.

then and now button   06/14/1954 - President Eisenhower signed an order adding the words "under God" to the Pledge of Allegiance.

then and now button   06/14/2022 - Flag Day

then and now button   06/14/2022 - Saga Dawa Duchen – Buddhist

then and now button   06/15/1215 - King John put his seal to the Magna Carta (the Great Charter) at Runnymede, England, granting his barons more liberty.

then and now button   06/15/1520 - Pope Leo X threatened to excommunicate Martin Luther if he did not recant his religious beliefs.

then and now button   06/15/1775 - The Second Continental Congress voted unanimously to appoint George Washington head of the Continental Army.

then and now button   06/15/1844 - Charles Goodyear received a patent for his process to strengthen rubber.

then and now button   06/15/1864 - Secretary of War Edwin Stanton signed an order establishing a military burial ground, which became Arlington National Cemetery.

then and now button   06/15/1994 - Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic relations.

then and now button   06/16/1858 - In a speech in Springfield, Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln said the slavery issue had to be resolved. He declared, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."

then and now button   06/16/1903 - Ford Motor Company incorporated.

then and now button   06/16/1963 - The world's first female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, launched into orbit by the Soviet Union aboard Vostok Six.

then and now button   06/17/1775 - The Revolutionary War Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston. (The battle actually occurred on Breed's Hill.)

then and now button   06/17/1856 - The Republican Party begin its first convention in Philadelphia.

then and now button   06/17/1885 - The Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC.

then and now button   06/17/1928 - Amelia Earhart was the first woman to embark on a trans-Atlantic flight when she journeyed from Newfoundland to Wales.

then and now button   06/17/1963 - The Supreme Court struck down rules requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or reading of Biblical verses in public schools.

then and now button   06/17/1972 - Five men were arrested carrying eavesdropping equipment in the Watergate office building, headquarters of the Democratic National Committee. The arrest led to Nixon’s resignation and the conviction of several White House staffers.

then and now button   06/17/2022 - Bunker Hill Day

then and now button   06/18/1746 - Samuel Johnson accepted an offer of £1,575 from a group of London booksellers for the projected 40,000-word Johnson Dictionary.

then and now button   06/18/1793 - Marie Antoinette went to the guillotine.

then and now button   06/18/1812 - The US declared war against Britain.

then and now button   06/18/1815 - Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated at Waterloo.

then and now button   06/18/1873 - The government fined Susan B. Anthony $100 for attempting to vote in the 1872 election. The fine was never paid.

then and now button   06/18/1980 - The Blues Brothers premiered in NYC.

then and now button   06/18/1983 - Sally Ride became the first American woman in space when the space shuttle Challenger blasted off.

then and now button   06/19/1856 - English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island NC after failing to establish England's first permanent settlement in America.

then and now button   06/19/1862 - The US territories outlawed slavery.

then and now button   06/19/1910 - The first Father's Day took place in Spokane WA.

then and now button   06/19/1917 - During WWI, King George V ordered the British royal family to dispense with German titles and surnames and took the name "Windsor."

then and now button   06/19/1934 - The government created the Federal Communications Commission.

then and now button   06/19/1953 - The US government executed Julius and Ethel Rosenberg at NY's Sing Sing Prison for conspiring to pass US atomic secrets to the Soviet Union.

then and now button   06/19/1964 - Congress approved the Civil Rights Act of 1964 after an 83-day filibuster.

then and now button   06/19/2022 – Juneteenth … a holiday celebrating the emancipation of US slaves. Originating in Galveston TX, it is now celebrated annually on the 19th of June throughout the US, with varying official recognition. It is commemorated on the anniversary date of the June 19, 1865 announcement by Union Army General Gordon Granger, proclaiming freedom from slavery in Texas.

then and now button   06/19/2022 - Father's Day

then and now button   06/20/1837 - Queen Victoria took the British crown following the death of her uncle, King William IV.

then and now button   06/20/1893 - A jury found Lizzie Borden innocent of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.

then and now button   06/20/1963 - The US and Soviet Union signed an agreement to set up a "hot line" between the two superpowers.

then and now button   06/21/1788 - The US Constitution went into effect as New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify it.

then and now button   06/21/2022 - Longest day of the year

then and now button   06/21/2022 - First day of summer

then and now button   06/21/2022 - Summer Solstice – Wicca, Celtic

then and now button   06/22/1870 - Congress created the Department of Justice.

then and now button   06/22/1944 - President Franklin Roosevelt signed the GI Bill of Rights.

then and now button   06/22/1970 - President Nixon signed a measure lowering the voting age to 18.

then and now button   06/23/1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for his invention, the Type-Writer.

then and now button   06/23/1947 - Congress overrode President Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.

then and now button   06/23/1969 - Earl Warren swore in Warren Burger as Chief Justice of the US.

then and now button   06/24/1314 - Scottish forces under King Robert I defeated the English in the Battle of Bannockburn.

then and now button   06/24/2022 - St. Jean’s Day – Vodún

then and now button   06/25/1876 - Sioux and Cheyenne Indians wiped out General George Custer and his men in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in Montana.

then and now button   06/25/1950 - War broke out in Korea as forces from the communist North invaded the South.

then and now button   06/26/1900 - A commission that included Dr. Walter Reed began the fight against the deadly disease yellow fever.

then and now button   06/26/1945 - Fifty countries signed the charter of the United Nations in San Francisco.

then and now button   06/26/1963 - President John Kennedy visited West Berlin, where he made his famous declaration "I am a Berliner."

then and now button   06/26/1974 - The very first UPC code scanned product hit the market ... Wrigley's Chewing Gum.

then and now button   06/27/1880 - Helen Keller was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama. She was deaf, blind and mute from the age of 19 months as a result of scarlet fever.

then and now button   06/27/1893 - The New York stock market crashed.

then and now button   06/27/1950 - President Truman ordered the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the UN for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.

then and now button   06/27/1969 - Patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clashed with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement.

then and now button   06/27/1980 - President Carter signed legislation reviving draft registration.

then and now button   06/28/1778 - Molly Pitcher, aka Mary Ludwig Hays, carried water to American soldiers at the Revolutionary War Battle of Monmouth NJ.

then and now button   06/28/1914 - A Serb nationalist assassinated Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia, in Sarajevo ... the event triggering World War I.

then and now button   06/28/1919 - Major Powers signed the Treaty of Versailles in France, ending WWI.

then and now button   06/28/1950 - North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

then and now button   06/28/1951 - A TV version of the radio program Amos and Andy premiered on CBS. While criticized for racial stereotyping, it was the first network TV series to feature an all-black cast.

then and now button   06/28/1978 - The Supreme Court ordered UC-Davis Medical School to admit Allan Bakke, a white man who had argued he was a victim of reverse racial discrimination.

then and now button   06/28/1996 - The Citadel voted to admit women, ending a 153-year-old men-only policy at the SC military school.

then and now button   06/28/2022 - World War I Day (The Treaty of Versailles was signed on this date in 1919.)

then and now button   06/28/2022 - M'Guine Sauveur table servie pour maitresse Erzulie, maitresse Tenaisse, maitresse Mambo – Vodún

then and now button   06/29/1776 - Patrick Henry became governor of the new state of Virginia.

then and now button   06/29/1946 - British authorities arrested more than 2700 Jews in Palestine in an attempt to stamp out alleged terrorism.

then and now button   06/29/1967 - Israel removed barricades separating the Old City from the Israeli sector, thus re-unifying Jerusalem.

then and now button   06/29/1972 - The Supreme Court ruled the death penalty, as then implemented, could constitute cruel and unusual punishment.

then and now button   06/29/1992 - A divided Supreme Court ruled that women have a constitutional right to abortion.

then and now button   06/30/1936 - Margaret Mitchell published Gone with the Wind in NY.

then and now button   06/30/1952 - The popular soap opera The Guiding Light made its TV debut on CBS.

then and now button   06/30/1971 - Ohio became the 38th state to approve and thus ratify the 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the minimum voting age to 18.






Online Resource Links

then and now button   How Wobbly Is Our Democracy?

then and now button   What ISIS Really Wants: The Islamic State is no mere collection of psychopaths. It is a religious group with carefully considered beliefs, among them that it is a key agent of the coming apocalypse. Here’s what that means for its strategy and for how to stop it  |  ISIS Claims Responsibility, Calling Paris Attacks First of the Storm  |  Syria Iraq: The Islamic State Militant Group  |  Isis: The Inside Story  |  Frontline: The Rise of ISIS  |  Council on Foreign Relations: A Primer on ISIS  |  Cracks in ISIS Are Becoming More Clear  |  How ISIS’ Attacks Harm the Middle East Timeline: the Rise, Spread and Fall of the Islamic State

then and now button   What it’s like to live on $2 a day in the United States (PDF)

then and now button   Check out Today's Front Pages. Each day, you can see the front pages of more than 800 newspapers from around the world in their original, unedited form.

then and now button   Whether or not you noticed, the earth's population passed 7 billion a while back. You might enjoy NPR's wonderful video, Visualizing How a Population Grows to 7 Billion.

then and now button   Check out the St. Louis Fed's presentation The Financial Crisis: What Happened?. The original video is no longer available but you can view the power point presentation.

then and now button   Want to take a survey but not sure how many responses to collect? This Survey Calculator gives you the number for any given population size and desired confidence level. A reverse calculator lets you enter characteristics of an existing survey and gives the confidence interval (±X%) to apply to the results. The Survey System site, sponsored by a survey software company, also gives clear explanations of statistical significance, survey design and related concepts. Also check out 20 Questions a Journalist (and You, too!) Should Ask About Poll Results.

then and now button   PBS's 30 Second Candidate allows you to view more political ads than you ever knew existed. Choose the Historical Timeline link to see how political ads have changed over the years. Start with the infamous Daisy Ad that Lyndon Johnson used against Barry Goldwater. Click on Watch Johnson ads. Then click on either the QuickTime link or the Real Video link next to Daisy.

then and now button   Check out Political Compass. The site does a good job of explaining political ideologies (although with definitions different from those I use) and gives you a chance to discover your own political philosophy.

then and now button   Law Library of Congress: North Korea: Collection of links to websites on North Korean government, politics and law. Includes legal guides, country studies and links to constitutions and branches of government (where available). Council on Foreign Relations: North Korea: Background, articles and opinion pieces about North Korea government and politics. Many of the articles focus on North Korea's nuclear program. From the Council on Foreign Relations, "an independent membership organization and a nonpartisan think tank and publisher."

then and now button   State of the Union (SOTU): The site uses an interactive timeline to provide a visual representation of prominent words in presidential State of the Union addresses by displaying significant words as "determined by comparing how frequently the word occurs in the document to how frequently it appears throughout the entire body of SOTU addresses." The Appendices section describes the statistical methods used. Also includes the full text of addresses.

then and now button   Small Town Papers: This site provides access to scanned images of recent issues of dozens of small town newspapers from throughout the United States. Newspapers are updated periodically, 2-3 weeks after publication. The site also includes a searchable archive (of articles, photos and advertisements), which covers different periods for each paper, some as far back as the 1890s. Access to the archives requires free registration.

then and now button   This website serves as a centralized location to learn about the Congressional Research Service and search for CRS reports that have been released to the public by members of Congress. (CRS Reports do not become public until a member of Congress releases the report.) Features a searchable database with more than 8,000 reports, a list of recently released reports, other collections of CRS reports and a FAQ about CRS.

then and now button   Stem Cell Research: See the official NIH resource for Stem Cell Research. In 2005, NOVA aired an overview of The Stem Cell Issue.

then and now button   Instances of the Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798 - 2020: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. It was compiled in part from various older lists and is intended primarily to provide a rough survey of past US military ventures abroad, without reference to the magnitude of the given instance noted.

then and now button   Government Product Recalls

then and now button   Homeland Security Knowledge Base

then and now button   If you're worried about retirement, try some of the following sites.
        IRS Tax Information for Retirement Plans
        Social Security Retirement Planner
        Retirement Planning Resources from Smart Money

then and now button   Keeping the Shi'ites Straight Based on the opinion that no story has been more confusing for the Western news media to cover in postwar Iraq than the politics of the country's Shi'ite majority, this article provides a basic outline of Shi'ite religious history. Discusses the Sadr family (Muhammad Baqir as-Sadr, Ayatollah Muhammad Sadiq al-Sadr, and Muqtada as-Sadr), Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim and other figures.

then and now button   This commercial site presents brief information about dozens of Black Inventors from the United States. Some entries include portraits and images. Also includes a searchable timeline covering 1721-1988. Does not include bibliographic information.

then and now button   Annenberg Political Fact Check: This site describes itself as a nonpartisan, nonprofit, consumer advocate for voters that aims to reduce the level of deception and confusion in US politics. The site provides original articles, with summaries and sources, analyzing factual accuracy in TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews and news releases. Searchable. From the Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania.

then and now button   White House Tapes: The President Calling: Three of America's most compelling presidents -- Kennedy, Johnson and Nixon -- bugged their White House offices and tapped their telephones. In this documentary project, American Radio Works eavesdrops on presidential telephone calls to hear how each man used one-on-one politics to shape history. Includes audio, a transcript of the documentary and background information on each president and the tapes.

then and now button   The State of State and Local Finances: New studies afford a state-by-state or city-by-city analysis of fiscal well being. The Year of Living Dangerously: While leaders in a growing number of states appear to believe they're serving the public good by squeezing government dry, there's little question that minimizing management carries a host of dangers that directly affect the lives of citizens.

then and now button   Government Debt by Country Map: Shows countries' general government gross debt as a percentage of GDP in 2012.

then and now button   First Amendment Library: Provides info on Supreme Court First Amendment jurisprudence,  including rulings, arguments, briefs, historical material, commentary and press coverage.

Sea Level Rise Infographic




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use this Community link or the link at the top of the page.
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Copyright © 1996 Amy S Glenn
Last updated:   06/10/2022   1630

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